Cpa 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreementadmin
The agreement on the sharing of assets was one of the six protocols of the CPA. Revenue allocation provisions were an essential feature of the CPA, as the country is heavily dependent on oil revenues. This is especially true for the South, whose budget is 98% financed by oil revenues. Therefore, disagreement over control of oil fields and revenue distribution is the main threat to peace in Sudan, regardless of the outcome of the referendum. The CPA ordered that 2 per cent of all revenues be shared by oil-producing countries, while the rest would be distributed equitably between the Government of South Sudan on the one hand, and the national government and the states of North Sudan, on the other. This revenue-sharing agreement will end in July 2011 – and probably sooner if the South separates – making a new sharing of oil revenues a priority for all parties. CONSCIENTS that there is an urgent need to bring peace and security to the Sudanese people, who have suffered this conflict for too long; The process has resulted in the following agreements (also known as protocols): THE PARTS UN APPEL to the regional and international community and invite organizations and states that have been asked to witness the signing of this Agreement in order to provide and reaffirm their unwavering support for the implementation of the CPA, and invite them to use the necessary and urgent programmes and activities of the transition to peace, as agreed in the On 11 October 2007, the SPLM withdrew from the Government of National Unity (GoNU), accusing the central government of violating the terms of the CPA. In particular, the SPLM notes that the Khartoum-based government, dominated by the National Congress Party, has failed to withdraw more than 15,000 soldiers from the southern oil fields and not to implement the protocol on Abyei. The SPLM said it was not returning to war, while analysts found that the agreement had disintegrated for some time, partly because of the international focus on the conflict in neighbouring Darfur.
 The provisions for the southern Kordofan/Nuba Mountains and the Blue Nile states were different from those of Abyei. The essential provisions of the agreement did not directly affect the two states, as the CPA expected them to remain in the North. However, the two regions on the north-south border were hard hit by the war, particularly after its recapture in 1983. Local complaints about control of the country have led parts of the population to side with the south. The CPA therefore recognized that any comprehensive regulation must address the problems of these states. They achieved a slightly different government structure, with more detailed provisions on state-to-state relations and revenue sharing.